英文読解の自主トレ(4月分クイズ)

MARPOL Complementary Amendment to Come into Force on March 1 2020

Following the recommended reduction of deadly SOx (Sulphur) from the current 3.50% to 0.50%, a complementary MARPOL amendment will prohibit non-compliant fuel used in combustion for the propulsion or operations onboard a ship unless the fuel meets the requirements or a scrubber (similar to a catalytic converter used to clean exhaust from cars) has been fitted. MEPC (Marine Environment Protection Committee) has issued a list of guidelines to help related parties comply with the regulations. These include: “a risk assessment and mitigation plan, fuel oil system modifications and tank cleaning, fuel oil capacity and segregation capability, procurement of compliant fuel, a fuel oil changeover plan, documentation and reporting”. Ways on how best to implement the new regulations will be addressed during the 74th MEPC session in May 2019. The regulation will mean that those related parties will be required to notify the IMO on the non-availability of compliant oil fuel. The regulations are expected to bring significant benefits to the environment and human health.

Source: IMO website

True or False?

  1. Ships will no longer be able to use fuel that contains more the 0.5% Sulphur.

 

  1. It will be difficult for those concerned to comply because of a lack of information that will be available.

 

  1. Companies will have to inform the IMO if they cannot get fuel that satisfies the regulations.

Scroll down to the end of this section to see answer

Nautical English: “Spring!”

April sees the welcoming of new faces for many organizations in Japan. This month’s idioms are to do with new recruits or shinjin. They will have many things to learn about their new environment, thus the following idioms seem appropriate.

Give a wide berth

To avoid a person or place (Cambridge Online Dictionary).

Manager: Let’s give the new recruits a wide berth while they get used to using the new computer system. It will take them a while to learn it, but if we give them some space, I’m sure they will pick it up in no time.

During the 17th Century, the phrase was used to refer to “a place where there is sea room to moor a ship”. Later it came to be known as: “Allow enough sea area in order to avoid a collision”. (Phrases.com)

Know the ropes

The special way things are done at a particular place or in a particular activity (Merriam-Webster online dictionary).

It will take a few weeks for new employees to learn the ropes.

It is well known that this idiom has is origins in the days of sailing ships. The ropes play a very important role on a sailing ship. Thus it is essential that any seafarer know the correct function and name of each rope.

The first written record can be found in Richard H. Dana Jr’s Two Years Before the Mast, 1840: “The captain, who had been on the coast before and ‘knew the ropes,’ took the steering oar.”

Give someone some leeway

In the previous mail magazine Issue No. 3 we looked at “Make up leeway”. This idiom means to make up for lost time.

To give someone some leeway in daily English means to allow them a certain amount of freedom or variation (Merriam-Webster online dictionary).

They give their students leeway to try new things.

The manager gave the new recruits some leeway to let them get to know how everything works in the company.

ANSWERS

  1. F (they can if they have a scrubber attached)
  2. F
  3. T