英文読解の自主トレ(12月分クイズ)

IMO plans tougher measures to reduce plastic litter

Adapted from World Maritime News online November 2018

New supporting measures are to be introduced in order to enhance existing regulations, and actual measures are to be considered at MEPC 74 in light of the established action plan’s target set for 2025. This will involve a review of the usage of placards, garbage management plans and garbage record-keeping, as laid out in the MARPOL Annex V, along with the establishment of a compulsory mechanism that will require the number and location of containers lost at sea to be reported. Dumping plastics into the sea is already prohibited by MARPOL, however studies show that, despite regulations, plastic litter is still being dumped, for example, abandoned or lost fishing nets, and that this is causing a big problem for marine life.

Question: What will container vessels be required to do according to the new measures?

Answer: They will be required to report the number and location of containers lost at sea.

                                                                                                                                           

Nautical English: “Colours”

Autumn is here, and the leaves are changing in colour. This is a good opportunity to talk about colours. There are two well-known English idioms that use the word colour, and they both have their origins in the maritime industry.

Firstly, the word colour in the maritime industry referred to the ship’s nationality: specifically, the ship’s flags. This was something that was crucial: especially when in battle.

  1. Flying colours: The contemporary meaning of the idiom flying colours has to do with passing something successfully, for example, an exam or a health check.
  • I passed the health check with flying colours.
  • My car passed the low emissions test with flying colours.

If a ship returned from a battle, she would be flying her colours from her mast heads as a sign of having triumphed over her enemy: she was quite literally flying her colours. Since around the 17th century, the idiom has become synonymous with having achieved something with great success.

  1. True colours: Originally, pirate ships would display false flags to lure another ship into a false sense of security. Just before they were about to capture the other ship, they would then show their real flags: their true colours. This was frowned upon by international law.

Nowadays, if you say that someone is showing their true colours, you mean that the person is revealing their true character or intentions. Some example sentences might be:

  • They say people show their true colours when drinking.
  • During choir practice sessions, the students had very few occasions where they were able to all practice together. However, on the day of the event, they showed their true colours and took first prize.

References:

www.phrases.org.uk

www.collinsdictionary.com